A Critical Study of Swinburne on the Existence of God

Document Type : Research Paper




Richard Swinburne is a one of those contemporary philosophers who refers to inductive reasoning to provide explanation for theism. Utilizing the principle of credulity and simplicity, and by distinguishing the temporal orders from spatial orders, he attempts to strengthen the probability of the God existence. Swinburne tries to answer to the limit-question by the hypothesis of theistic theology. Using concepts such as probability, simplicity, credulity, predictability, and temporal orders to support this hypothesis, his arguments face challenges. This article tries to evaluate those arguments from a critical point of view.