Document Type : Research Paper
M.A. of Islamic Philosophy, Tarbiat Modares Univers
Professor, Tarbiat Modares University.
Associate Professor, Tarbiat Modares University
Belief in the existence of God has always been attacked by opponents. One of them is the so called evidentalism challenge. In this paper, the opinions of Allama Muhammad Hussain Tabataba, and Alvin Plantinga about the above mentioned challenge are discussed and compared. Although both believe that belief in God does’nt need to be proved and arguments just support the faith but, belonging to a tradition of reformed epistemology, Plantinga critiques the theory of traditional foundationalism and introduces “God exists” as a basic propositions for theist in specific conditions but does’nt account it in self-evident ones. On the other hand, Allama Tabatabaee that belongs to traditional foundationalism school, to prove God existence utilize a principle about which there is no uncertainty among philosophers and epistemologists: the reality and non-reality could’nt come together.so that proposition must be self-evident.