An Inquiry Concerning Hegel's View on the Relationship between Science and Religion

Document Type : Research Paper


Assistant professor of philosophy, University of Tehran, College of Farabi


For a long time, there has been a severe struggle between some Western scientists and theologians on the domain and reliability of science and religion. During the past centuries, each of these domains has refused to acknowledge the other one as the source of knowledge containing reality; so they have put forward many arguments to condemn each other. For example, most of the scientists, clinging to the supremacy of their own domain, go on maintaining the fiction that there is an antagonism between science and religion, and that religion has nothing to do with reality. Although, at the same time, there have been scientists who had a positive attitude toward religion. In this paper, the viewpoint of Hegel, one of the most influential philosophers in the Western metaphysics, will be taken into consideration. According to him, in the history of the world, human being's knowledge has risen up gradually and in each period, there has been a parallel dialogue and interaction between science and religion of that time. The reason is that as science has developed in the process of history, religions have also gotten more rational and complicated. So, according to Hegel, science has not led us to a secular and naturalistic or a materialistic orientation in the 21th century and the story of antagonism between science and religion is a factitious and fabricated story


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