Document Type : Research Paper
Professor, Faculty Of Social Sciences, University Of Tehran, Iran
Ph.D. Student In Islamic Social Sciences, Faculty Of Social Sciences, University Of Tehran, Iran
The present article reviews the status of "religious knowledge" during the time of two Muslim philosophers Ibn Rushd (595-520 AH) and Mulla Sadra (1045-979) based on two works, i.e. the "Chapter of Al-maqāl ..." by Ibn Rushd and the "Treatise of Three Principles" by Mulla Sadra. The aim of this study is to review each of these two philosophers’ pathological position adopted in the face of the epistemological issues raised in the Islamic societies of te their time, recording, however fragmentally, the status of thought at the time. This research is descriptive - analytic. In this article, we briefly discussed the socio-political situations of the eras of each of the two philosophers, then examined the position of each of these two men in the two books under study, comparing them to the existing currents in the contemporary religious thought. And then, the similarities and differences of thought and action of the two thinkers are being compared and at the end we have come to the conclusion that both the thinkers, with different criteria intended to identify the "obstacles to the attainment of a religious knowledge. Through adoption of the religious sciences such as jurisprudence, in the religious knowledge, according to Ibn Rushd the main damage comes from the lack of rational methods of deduction , and the adoption of the Hereafter in the religious knowledge, Mulla Sadra, lack of attention to "self-knowledge" and of the Apocalypse.