Document Type : Research Paper
PhD student of Shī‘a Theology, College of Farabi, University of Tehran
Associate Professor, Department of Philosophy and Mysticism, College of Farabi, University of Tehran
Mulla Shamsa Gilani, one of the shining and famous figures of the 11th century LH in the Isfahan school of philosophy who – like other notable philosophers of his era such as Mulla Sadra and Mir Damad – was skillful in using the qur’ānic verses and Islamic traditions to prove his philosophical discussions. As one of the outstanding students of Mir Damad, he was greatly influenced by him and learned the peripatetic style and foundations from him. Mulla Shamsa opposed many great philosophers – especially the head of the largest school of philosophy in his era, i.e. Mulla Sadra – with regard to some philosophical issues such as the principality of existence, substantial movement, God’s a priori knowledge, and God’s knowledge of Himself. With regard to the relationship between the essential attributes and the essence, Mulla Shamsa adopts a view similar to Mu‘tazila, peripatetic philosophers, and Mulla Sadra, and believes in the sameness of the essential attributes and the essence. Concerning God’s a priori knowledge of the creatures, he believes in a third form (that is, not acquired nor direct), which is the pure and simple Being of God, and considers the existence of creatures as irrelevant and ineffective in God’s knowledge. Mulla Shamsa takes God’s knowledge of Himself as the most direct and does not deem permissible the application of the commonly used conception of the collective knowledge to God. The article at hand adopts a library research method to clarify Mulla Shamsa’s viewpoint about God’s knowledge.