Document Type : Research Paper
Assistant Professor, Department of Philosophy and Theology, Shahid Motahari University, Tehran, Iran
Exploring innate and the role of reason and wisdom as the center of this realm in different schools have different dimensions. Examining these various dimensions, it appears that the instincts of the realm of perception and cognition constitute the principles and foundations of human cognition and thought, and that innate distinguishes nature and instinct, a difference which is of the type of organizational difference, and due to the difference in the existential levels of beings. Any doubt about these principles and principles of thought challenges the foundation of human knowledge. From the Qur'an's point of view, natural knowledge is related to two areas of human existence - intellect and wisdom, heart and mind - and boils from these two sources. Hence, the basis of religious tradition is the fixed and common human foundation - that is, his nature -; That is to say, human life has both a fixed orbit and is constantly evolving in its fixed orbit. That fixed circuit is his humanity, which is based on his instincts. This special creation of man calls him to the origin and source of perfection. The evolutionary movement of man begins with the "self," that is, the heavenly, compassionate, and natural self of man, or the divine visit ends. The necessity of such a movement is substantial evolution, existential poverty, continuous struggle with carnal desires and complete care, continuous spiritual renewal, constant recognition and recovery, purposefulness. It is obvious that moving from oneself to God is in fact the attainment of a superior and evolved self and the development of one's existential truth, and the perfect moving human being is a mature and perfected human being.