Document Type : Research Paper
Assistant Professor, Department of Islamic Studies, Mohaghegh Ardabili University, Ardabil, Iran
One of the most important debates in the field of religious studies and understanding of religion teachings today is the ability to understand religion based on human readings and religious experience. When it comes to the human readings of religion, two points are assumed to be concurrent: first, it is possible for human beings to understand religion; It is not unique and can be read as human. This last point, the change in the structures of understanding religion, is due to the changes that human beings are facing today. Mojtahed Shabestari, a contemporary thinker, believes that, given the dramatic changes in human life today, their thinking, religion, spirituality, and faith must also undergo a fundamental change, and one must go beyond their religious tradition, ideas, or beliefs. It gained a new understanding of it until it finally came to religious experience. He believes that there are different readings on religion and that one single reading cannot be accomplished. The main purpose of this research is to explain the aforementioned claim by presenting the arguments presented and responding to them by the content analysis method of explaining the data. The findings of the study show that human readings of religion are in contrast to divine readings, and the Shabestari perspective is sometimes explicitly and sometimes slightly hidden and rooted in relativity, hermeneutics, religious experience, and humanism.