Document Type : Research Paper
PhD Holder of Philosophy of Religion, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran
Associate Professor, Department of Philosophy of Religion, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran
Assistant Professor, Department of Philosophy of Religion, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran
One of the important topics that has made thinkers of the philosophy of religion contemplate by its own nature or as a reaction to constructivists – who believe in the subjectivity and non-objectivity of God – is the reality or – more scientifically stated – objectivity of the Transcendental Being. ‘Allāma Ṭabāṭabā’ī is one of the thinkers in this arena the rereading of whose thought can help explain his approach to the question of God’s objectivity. After the explanation of the theoretical framework of objectivity, we have explained, reread, and analyzed ‘Allāma’s thought in the domain of God’s objectivity. The results show that ‘Allāma has addressed objectivity in the discussions of ontology, epistemology (on the accuracy of beliefs related to God), and semantics (on the congruence of propositions with the External Being of God as a true and real Matter). The triple concepts of objectivity – i.e., Transcendental Being, transcendental belief, and transcendental proposition – in ‘Allāma’s thought means that God’s Being and Essence is independent from mind (Transcendental Being), the belief or statement about God is metaphysically objective (transcendental epistemology), and the proposition about God can be evaluated by checking its truthfulness/falsity (transcendental proposition).