The Relation between human and Ahura Mazda in the Formation of Religious Ethics Based on the theory of functionalism

Document Type : Research Paper

Authors

1 faculty member of university of tehran

2 Religions and Mysticism Phd

Abstract

There is a pivotal and mythical character in all revealed and non-revealed religions. According to the functionalism, a myth forms a relationship with the society through which it affects different aspects of the lives of the people living in society. The religious ethics, prayer, rituals, cultural and social traditions form based on the myths where a certain relationship is formed between the human and the myth.

The present study was conducted to examine and analyze the myth of Ahura Mazda and his role in the formation of the religious ethics of Zoroastrianism and to analyze the relationship between the human and Ahura Mazda based on functionalism. The importance of the study on the myth of Ahura Mazda and the human and Ahura Mazda relationship based on functionalism lies in the fact that the myth of Ahura Mazda plays an identity-creating role in the religious, social and individual lives of the Zoroastrians. According to the worldview of Zoroastrianism three relationships are formed in the cooperation between the human and Ahura Mazda. The question is: What is the function and role of the myth of Ahura Mazda in the religious, social and individual lives of the Zoroastrians and how can the functionalism examine and explain this role?

The present paper examined and analyzed the relationship between the human and Ahura Mazda according to functionalism using the descriptive-analytical method and based on the library and historical resources.

Keywords