Analyzing Cognitive Biases in the Interpretations of Modern Religious Experience Based on Wittgenstein's form of Life Theory

Document Type : Research Paper


Department of Islamic Philosophy and Theology, Faculty of Theology and Islamic Studies, University of Qom, Qom, Iran


The research aims to address the problem of cognitive biases in modern religious experiences and identify potential solutions. Using a descriptive-analytical approach and drawing on the insights of theorists in the field, particularly Wittgenstein, this study examines the interactive relationship between metaphysics and general belief, as well as the connection between religious metaphysics and religious life forms. It emphasizes that interpreting religious experiences without considering the context of one's form of life can lead to cognitive biases. Consequently, interpretations that deviate from the form of life may lack personal meaning and be deemed heretical from an external perspective.


Main Subjects

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