Document Type : Research Paper
Logic of Understanding Religion Department, Research Institute of Islamic Culture and Thought, Tehran, Iran
Quran and Hadith Department, Research Institute of Islamic Studies of Al-Zahra Communityy, Qom, Iran
Explaining the functions of religion, including "monotheism" and its accessories, is one of the most influential issues of the philosophy of religion; So, the problem of this research is to explain the functions and tools of social monotheism in the philosophy of economics centered on the Qur'an, and the aim is to show the effects of social monotheism in the theoretical assumptions of economics, economic concepts. , the type of attitude towards some economic rulings and goals of economics is based on the Qur'an. The research method relies on the appearance of verses indicating social monotheism, verses containing economic themes, and referring to social interpretations with an analytical-argumentative approach. The theological functions of social monotheism in the presuppositions of economics centered on the Qur'an, in the rejection of non-divine economic systems, everyone's belief in the influence of God's providence in economic affairs and its social results, and presenting a reasoned analysis of divine traditions. It happens in the economy. In the transformational function of social monotheism, economic concepts find monotheistic-social identity and the immortality and transhistoricity of Islamic economic rulings are proven for all societies. Also, the design of the economic system in order to realize the social servitude and economic independence of the societies are two functions of social unification in the goal of economics. This reinterpretation of monotheism will improve the capacity of economics and will be a step forward in the path of Islamization and provide its theoretical topics.