Document Type : Research Paper
PhD student of Theology, University of Qom
Assistant professor, Iran University of Science & Technology
Assistant professor, University of Qom
Followed by the emergence and growth of computers in the middle of the last century, this notion arose that these developments will lead to the point that these progresses will lead to a point at which with the same methods in the computer science, Human intelligence can be reconstructed as the artificial intelligence and computers will be able to do things that intelligent beings like humans are doing. Among computer scientists this project was famed with "Artificial intelligence" (AI), and various theories were propounded about the feasibility of its success; wide range of opinions that significant differences exist among them, to the extent that some deny its possibility and others extremely believe that the project has succeeded so far, and even today's computers are intelligent and they are able to think. There are two main approaches in the field of artificial intelligence "Symbolism" and "Connectionism". This article attempts in addition to explain the most common philosophical views on the relationship between mind and body, in the area of western philosophy and Islamic philosophy, evaluates the feasibility of substantiation of AI based on each of these views separately and according to two main approaches: "Symbolism" and "Connectionism".