Philosophical implications of God's “infinity” in Spinoza's thought

Document Type : Research Paper

Author

Assistant Professor, University of Tehran(college of Farabi), Qom, Iran

Abstract

One of the properties that has been predicated to God in many theological traditions is "infinity". Philosophers and theologians have often considered God to be both infinite in nature and in attributes, or in other words, have interpreted the determination of God in terms of infinity or essentially absolute. Spinoza the rationalist philosopher of the seventeenth century is also one of those who, by introducing God as the One Substance, has considered the property of infinity both in essence and in attributes necessary for God. According to Spinoza, to predicate infinity to God has implications, such as the "former Wholeness" the "immanent/internal causality" and the "non-supernaturalism" of God. For this reason, Spinoza believes that in the theological traditions prevalent in the Abrahamic religions, the description of the infinity of God has not been properly analyzed, and thus the relationship between God and other beings has been misunderstood. In this research, using reliable sources in the field of Spinoza research and by descriptive-analytical method, we have analyzed and refined Spinoza's views in this subject.

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